The Pre-dynastic Period.
Spanning more than a thousand years, the pre-dynastic is the period where the Pharonic Period was first defined.
At this time Egypt as a country was not unified and was inhabited by people with differing social status, funerary customs and technological advances.
Natural mummy of an adult male and funerary equipment, Predynastic Period, Naqada 3600 – 3350BC)
Most of the artifacts found for this period are pottery based, which was largely found in cemetaries and villages. As well as large amounts of cosmetic palettes, combs, hairpins and bone and ivory unguent containers.
The Gebelin Cloth, Painted Linen, Naqada II 3600 – 3350BC)
Scene of a boat procession.
During this period the religious ideology turned from natural mummification to new body embalming techniques, introduced to preserve the dead into their journey to the afterlife.
Above is a rectangular sarcophagi, Protodynastic Period (3309 – 2592BC)
The Old Kingdom
This historical period spans through the 3rd – 6th Dynasties (ca2600 -2100BC)
It is the age of the pyramids and of the standardisation and spread of writing, and artistic representations.
The Statue of Redji
Grandiorite, Old Kingdom, 2nd Dynasty (2592 – 2543BC)
The inscription at the bottom indicates that the statue belonged to a kings daughter named Redji.
In the Old Kingdom there was a gradual transition from large sculptures to more slender models with realistic contours. A naturalistic style most evident in faces and bodies of statues.
False Doors Stela. Gateways to the Netherworld.
One of the most characteristic features of Old Kingdom tombs was the so-called false door stela, a stone slab depicting a doorway framed by a sequence of stepped moldings, as if in a niche.
The Sarcophagus of Duaenre.
Granite, 4th Dynasty (2543 – 2435BC) Gizeh, Western Cemetary.
Pleated Tunics, 5th- 6th Dynasty, (2435 – 2118BC) Gebelein.
An Unusal Burial.
A female burial and detail of the fringed border of a pleated cloth. Late Old Kingdom, Asyut.
The Unknown Tomb
Found in 1911, an untouched tomb found 30km from Luxor at Gebelein, the tomb was dug into rock accessed by a 2 metre corridor which led to three chambers. One was empty but the other two contained coffins, mummies, pots, wooden models and other grave goods.
Mummy of the Unknown Tomb. 5th Dynasty (2435 – 2305BC) Gebelein