The New Kingdom.
Around 1539BC, a dynasty of Pharaohs from Thebes (Modern day Luxor) wrested control of Egypt from the Hyskos and reunited the country.
Thus began a great period of social, economic and cultural dynamism, which today is known as the New Kingdom (18th-20th Dynasties, ca. 1539 -1076BC).
During the New Kingdom, there became a direct relationship between one or another god “Personal Piety”. New types of statue emerged showing the person who commissioned it offering a divine image, know as ‘theophorous statues’.
These statues were placed in courtyards of temples and expressed the bond between the dedicator and the god or goddess for whom it dedicated.
To the right is a granodiorite statue, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty (1292 -1190BC)
It depicts a devotee of the god Hathor by a man called Iner. Shaven head holding a sistrum, which depicts Hathor with cow horns and characteristic hairstyle. The hand is brought to the mouth to beseech the faithful to place offerings on it.
Below, Sandstone Statue, New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty (1292 -1190BC) Island of Sehel
Qen was the god’s father of Amun on Elephantine (Aswan) and of Khnum, Satis and Anukis.
The shrine (naos) contains a woman wearing a high plumed headdress, she is Anukis, goddess of the Nile flood.
With the ram headed Khnum and the goddess Satis she forms the triad of Elephantine. The statue probably comes from the temple of the triad on the island of Sehel, just south of Elephantine.
Right, Statue of Aanen
Granodiorite, New Kingdom, 18th Dynasty (1390 -1353B|C) reign of Amenhotep III. Thebes
It depicts a Dignitary wearing a wig, a long gown and leopard skin of a priest. The ornament on his belt reads the names of Amenhotep III. Aanen. The inscription tells us he is an astronomer priest ‘one who knows the procession of the sky’.
The Coffin of Puia
Anthropoid wooden coffin, New Kingdom,18th Dynasty.
Belonged to a man called Puia, most likely 2nd priest of Amun under Hatshepsut (1479 – 1458BC) The hands and face are painted red. At the head and feet the goddesses of mourning Isis and Nephthys, and on both sides, painted in blue, are the gods of Anubis and Osiris alternating with the four sons of Horus.
Above, Limestone Statue of Hel, Funerary chapel statue, Late 18th Dynasty (ca.1300) Saqqara.
Above, 2 Sarcophagus Lids from Theban Tomb 32. Pink Granite, 19th Dynasty (1279 -1213BC) Reign of Ramesses II.
The tomb was built for a high official of the king Ramesses II, named Djehutymes and was buried with his wife Aset. Robbed in antiquity Asets lid was broken in two.