The final room is the Nubian room, which outlines the history of the principal cultures that arose in Nubia (now Northern Sudan).
There are many testimonies of the influence of Sudanese cultures on those of Upper Egypt especially in places where commercial and military contracts were more intense.
Nubia was a gateway to central Africa with it’s riches. The first archaeological investigations in Nubia illustrated Nubian history as a succession of cultures.
It also highlighted the ongoing processes of disemination and evolution of local cultures, stimulated by internal and external migrations.
Right, Sandstone Statue of a Pharoah, holding a nubian by the hair who has been bitten by a lion. New Kingdom, 20th Dynasty (1190 – 1076BC).
Egyptian expansion during the New Kingdom led to the fall and definitive annexation of Kerma to Egypt. The Viceroy of Kush (Sudan) was henceforth appointed by the Pharoahs to rule the region.
The Kingdoms of Napata and Meroe
During the Third Intermediate period , King Piy (751BC) took advantage of the new state that had sprung up in Nubia with its capital Napata, and conquered Egypt founding the 25th Dynasty.
Left is a Quartzite Sphinx of a Nubian King, Late period, 25th Dynasty (722 – 655BC).
The Royal iconography endured even after the end of the Kushite rule in Egypt in the 4th Century BC, the capital of the Sudanese Kingdom was moved to Meroe.