Floor 1, Room 13 (Roman & Late Antique Period)

Last room on this floor, 13 which is the Roman & Antique Period.

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Rome’s conquest of Egypt in 30BC deprived the country of it’s independence. The Emporer Octavian ruled by installing a prefect who was under the direct authority of the Senate.

Egypt was a strategic economic resource being the major supplier of grain, textiles, gold and glass. The Romans imposed their own laws and coinage and the country worshipped Greek-Roman Gods, however, the cults of the Egyptian gods and traditional funerary beliefs still endured.

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To the right is a Portrait of a man wearing a tunic, Roman in style with two purple bands.

(Encaustic painting on wood, Mid 2nd Century AD)

Below is the burial of the child Petamenophis, who belonged to a rich family. His rectangular coffin is made of cedar wood with four corner posts and the image of the goddess Nut has been painted on the bottom to symbolise immortality and divinization.

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The mummy is wrapped in several layers of bandages, some red and intertwined to form a Rhomb pattern. Around the head is a gilded laurel leafed wreath.

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Above is a womans mask.

Made of Gilded cartonnage, Roman Period (2nd Century AD) Fayum, Hawara

The spread of syncretistic gods emerged and temples dedicated to them sprung up all over the Roman Empire.

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